How to Lie with Statistics Illustrated Edition by Darrell Huff
“The secret language of statistics, so appealing in a fact-minded culture, is employed to sensationalize, inflate, confuse, and oversimplify….The fact is that, despite its mathematical base, statistics is as much an art as it is a science.”

The Blind Watchmaker: Why the Evidence of Evolution Reveals a Universe without Design by Richard Dawkins
Dawkins explains via the theory of natural selection how simple organisms gradually change over time over many generations, and how these changes accumulate to create a world of enormous complexity, diversity, and beauty.

Theodore Gray’s eye-opening, original collections of gorgeous, never-before-seen photographic representations of elements, molecules, reactions. and now machines:

The Logical Leap: Induction in Physics by David Harriman
Beginning with a detailed discussion of the role of mathematics and experimentation in validating generalizations in physics-looking closely at the reasoning of scientists such as Galileo, Kepler, Newton, Lavoisier, and Maxwell-Harriman skillfully argues that the inductive method used in philosophy is in principle indistinguishable from the method used in physics.

God Versus Nature: The Conflict Between Religion and Science in History by Frederik Seiler
Science is based on reason. Religion is based on faith. Reason and faith are fundamentally incompatible, therefore science and religion must be incompatible. Given this basic conflict, a close look at history reveals some puzzling facts: Science was born in a society that believed in many gods (Ancient Greece); Numerous scientific achievements were made in the very religious Islamic world; Modern science was born in a society dominated by Christianity (seventeenth-century Europe); Most scientists in history were religious. How are we to make sense of these facts? How are we to relate them to the broader trajectory of the science/religion relationship from Ancient Greece to the present? That is the subject of this book.

Mathematics is About the World by Robert Knapp
How Ayn Rand’s Theory of Concepts Unlocks the False Alternatives Between Plato’s Mathematical Universe and Hilbert’s Game of Symbols
What is mathematics about? Is there a mathematical universe glimpsed by a mathematical intuition? Or is mathematics an arbitrary game of symbols, with no inherent meaning, that somehow finds application to life on earth? Mathematics, however abstract, arises from and is shaped by requirements of indirect measurement. Eratosthenes, in 200 BC, demonstrated the power of indirect measurement when he estimated the circumference of the earth by measuring a shadow at noon, in Alexandria, on the day of the summer solstice. Establishing geometric relationships, solving equations, finding approximations, and, generally, discovering quantitative relationships are tools of indirect measurement: They are the core of mathematics, the drivers of its development, and the heart of its power to enhance our lives.